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Bosque del Río Tigre
Frog
Sanctuary & Lodge
Dos Brazos, Costa Rica
info@bosquedelriotigre.com
 

Birds of Bosque del Rio Tigre Lodge

This list of 394 species is designed to give the visiting birder an idea of what birds can be found in our area. It includes all the species that have been seen (by us) around the lodge and the small nearby town of Dos Brazos. Included as well are the species that have been seen on our regular birding excursions further afield, such as our famous morning trip to Rincón. The lodge is situated in lowland tropical forest at about 80-110m above sea level.

Taxonomy: What's in a Name?

All of the taxonomic divisions and names on the list are intended to be in agreement with the current AOU (American Onrnithologists' Union) checklist, as of 2014. Your most important resource for birding in Costa Rica is “A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica”, by Stiles and Skutch, published in 1989 and “The birds of Costa Rica” by Richard Garrigues and Robert Dean published in 2007. Given that more than a few years have gone by, some of the names you see here on this list will be different from those used in the field guides, an inevitable result of reclassification, renaming, etc. We have tried to include the old names as well (in parentheses) in an effort to minimize confusion.

A note on distribution

The list and abundance coding are certainly biased toward our little corner of the peninsula and the areas we regularly cover. Should you travel to another part of the peninsula, even just a few miles away, the species composition is likely to be quite different. Lucky for you, we seem to live in an area with exceptional diversity and species richness- perhaps you won't want to go anywhere else!

Habitat: Variety is the spice of life

Each species on the list has been assigned one or more habitat codes, referring to where they are most often encountered. Some species like toucans and araçaris are very much generalists and can be found in a variety of habitats. Others such as the Uniform Crake, which is found almost exclusively in shady, wooded swamps, have a habitat preference that is more exact than we can express using a limited set of codes. This information can be found in your field guide! One key to a big list is to visit as many different habitat types as possible.

Occurrence: Here one day and gone the next

It is also worth bearing in mind that all species have some sort of patterns to their occurrence; nothing is static here. Besides the traditional north-south migration of temperate zone breeders, we observe many changes in the abundance of the “resident” birds as well. Many species, seemingly abundant in one part of the season, can become rather hard to turn up at other times. These changes, often quite abrupt, may be due to nesting, food availability, altitudinal migration, and other factors. The seasonal movements of many tropical species are still poorly understood and difficult to predict. Most notorious are frugivores such as cotingas, which may roam widely in search of fruiting trees. The erratic presence (or absence) of many hummingbirds is also notable.

Your keys to birding success

The most productive time of day for birding is early morning, when most species are both active and vocal. The sun rises fast in the tropics, and bird activity is usually greatly reduced after the first 3 hours of daylight. It is possible to bird all day here, but the early morning and late afternoon are certainly the most pleasant times.

Knowing vocalizations will prove invaluable if you plan to search for some of the more tricky species, especially the small forest flycatchers. You can spend days looking for spadebills, pygmy-tyrants, and bentbills without finding one, but as soon as you learn their calls you will find that they are not uncommon.

If you have certain species that you hope to see on your visit, especially those coded 4 or higher, please let us know! Low-density residents may be only represented by a few pairs; searching in the wrong place will prove fruitless.

And finally, please take advantage of our guiding. There is no substitute for local experience!

This new site list was finally completed in 2006 ( most recently updated March 2014) with the invaluable help of Scott Olmstead , an outstanding bird guide and naturalist, who we had the pleasure of working with during the 2005-2006 season. He is the sole author of the above introduction. There have been minor updates such as the total count and mention of the published field guide by Richard Garrigues and Robert Dean.

Key to Abundance Codes
1 = Abundant, almost certain to be seen on any given day in the proper habitat.
2 = Common, seen on most days in the proper habitat.
3 = Fairly common, present in lower densities than 1 and 2; subject to more fluctuation.
4 = Uncommon, present in very low densities but still regular.
5 = Rare, present but not to be expected. Anywhere from one to a few records per year.
6 = Very rare, represented by just one or two sightings ever. Please report

Key to Status Codes
All species are assumed to be year-round residents unless designated with one of the status codes listed here.

B = B reeding resident, present mostly from March to October, depending on species.

T = T ransient, present in passage only, mostly March to May and September to November.

N = N onbreeding “winter” resident, present mostly from September to May, depending on species.

L = L ocal transient, short distance migrant.

i = i rregular, species may be common one year, absent in others.

Key to Habitat Codes
F = F orest.
Fo = F orest- o ld growth.
Fy = F orest- y ounger successional areas, edges.
Fr = F orest- higher r idges, 100m or more above the elevation of the lodge.
W = W aterways- rivers, lagoons, streams, etc.
P = P astures and scrubby areas with low vegetation; also includes gardens and heliconias.
M = M angroves.
S = S hore, including mudflats and tidal areas.
O = O verhead, usually refers to soaring birds which may be seen over any habitat.

Key to Other Symbols
* = Species seen from the main lodge. This is our “porch” list! (245 sp.)
# = Species more easily observed at other points on the peninsula; more than a 30-minute walk from the lodge. In some cases seen nearby but rarely
h = Species heard more often than seen, best detected by voice.

TINAMIDAE

4h

F

Great Tinamou

Tinamus major

2

F

Little Tinamou*

Crypturellus soui

ANATIDAE

2to3

W

#Black-bellied Whistling-Duck*

Dendrocygna autumnalis

6i

W

#Muscovy Duck

Cairina moschata

6i

W

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

6i

W

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

CRACIDAE

3

P,Fy

Gray-headed Chachalaca*

Ortalis cinereiceps

4h

F

Crested Guan*

Penelope purpurascens

4h

Fo

Great Curassow*

Crax rubra

ODONTOPHORIDAE

3h

F

Marbled Wood-Quail*

Odontophorus gujanensis

PODICIPEDIDAE

4

W

Least Grebe

Tachybaptus dominicus

5

W

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

CICONIIDAE

6

W

#Jabirú

Jabiru mycteria

4

W

Wood Stork*

Mycteria americana

FREGATIDAE

2

S

#Magnificent Frigatebird*

Fregata magnificens

SULIDAE

4

S

#Brown Booby

Sula leucogaster

PHALACROCORACIDAE

3

W

Neotropic Cormorant*

Phalacrocorax brasilianus

ANHINGIDAE

3

W

Anhinga*

Anhinga anhinga

PELECANIDAE

1

S

#Brown Pelican*

Pelecanus occidentalis

ARDEIDAE

4

W

Fasciated Tiger-Heron*

Tigrisoma fasciatum

3to4

W

#Bare-throated Tiger-Heron

Tigrisoma mexicanum

3to4

W,S

Great Blue Heron*

Ardea herodias

3

W,S

Great Egret*

Ardea alba

3

W,S

Snowy Egret*

Egretta thula

2

W,S

Little Blue Heron*

Egretta caerulea

4

S,W

#Tricolored Heron

Egretta tricolor

1

P

Cattle Egret*

Bubulcus ibis

2

W

Green Heron*

Butorides virescens

4

W,M

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

Nyctanassa violacea

2

W,M

Boat-billed Heron*

Cochlearius cochlearius

THRESKIORNITHIDAE

2

W,M

White Ibis*

Eudocimus albus

3to4

W

#Roseate Spoonbill

Platalea ajaja

6

W

Green Ibis

Mesembrinibis cayennensis

CATHARTIDAE

1

O

Black Vulture*

Coragyps atratus

1

O

Turkey Vulture*

Cathartes aura

2

O

King Vulture*

Sarcoramphus papa

PANDIONIDAE

3to4

W,S

#Osprey*

Pandion haliaetus

ACCIPITRIDAE

3to4

F

Gray-headed Kite*

Leptodon cayanensis

5i

F,P

Hook-billed Kite

Chondrohierax uncinatus

2

F

Swallow-tailed Kite*

Elanoides forficatus

4to5

P

#Pearl Kite

Gampsonyx swainsonii

2to3

P

#White-tailed (Black-shouldered) Kite*

Elanus leucurus

2

F

Double-toothed Kite*

Harpagus bidentatus

4i

F

Tiny Hawk*

Accipiter superciliosus

5i

F

Bicolored Hawk*

Accipiter bicolor

4to5

F

Crane Hawk

Geranospiza caerulescens

2

O

Common Black-Hawk*

Buteogallus anthracinus

5i

F,P

Great Black-Hawk

Buteogallus urubitinga

6

F

Solitary Eagle

Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

5i

F

#Barred (Black-chested) Hawk

Leucopternis princeps

3

F

White Hawk*

Leucopternis albicollis

2

Fy,P

Roadside Hawk*

Buteo magnirostris

3N

F

Broad-winged Hawk*

Buteo platypterus

4to5

P,Fy

Gray Hawk or Gray-lined (unsure at this point)*

Buteo plagiatus or nitidus

3

F

Short-tailed Hawk*

Buteo brachyurus

6T

P

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

5i

?

White-tailed Hawk*

Buteo albicaudatus

4

Fy,P

Zone-tailed Hawk*

Buteo albonotatus

5Ni

P

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

6i

F

Crested Eagle

Morphnus guianensis

6

F

Harpy Eagle

Harpia harpyja

4

Fy,P,O

Black Hawk-Eagle*

Spizaetus tyrannus

6

F

Ornate Hawk-Eagle

Spizaetus ornatus

5i

F,O

Black and White Hawk-Eagle

Spizaetus melanoleucus

RALLIDAE

2h

P,W

White-throated Crake

Laterallus albigularis

5h

P,W

Gray-breasted Crake

Laterallus exilis

2

F,W

Gray-necked Wood-Rail*

Aramides cajanea

4to5

Fy,W

Uniform Crake

Amaurolimnas concolor

5

P,W

Paint-billed Crake

Neocrex erthrops

2

P,W

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus

5i

W

Common Gallinule

Gallinula galeata

RECURVIROSTRIDAE

5?

S

Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

HAEMATOPODIDAE

5

S

American Oystercatcher

Haematopus palliatus

CHARADRIIDAE

3to4

P

#Southern Lapwing

Vanellus chilensis

3N

S

Black-bellied Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

5?

S

Collared Plover

Charadrius collaris

4N

S

Wilson's Plover

Charadrius wilsonia

2N

S

Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus

6

P

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

JACANIDAE

2

P,W

Northern Jacana

Jacana spinosa

5i

P,W

Wattled Jacana

Jacana jacana

SCOLOPACIDAE

1N

W,S,M

Spotted Sandpiper*

Actitis macularias

4N

W

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

6

S

Wandering Tattler

Tringa incana

3to4N

W

Greater Yellowlegs*

Tringa melanoleuca

2N

S

Willet

Tringa semipalmata

6N

W

#Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes

2N

S

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

5N

S

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

2N

S

Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

2N

S

Sanderling

Calidris alba

3N

S

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

4N?

S

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris pusilla

2N

S

Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

3N

S

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

3to4

S

Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus griseus

LARIDAE

2

S

Laughing Gull

Leucophaeus atricilla

5T?

S

Caspian Tern

Hydroproqne caspia

5NT?

S

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

2

S

Royal Tern

Thalasseus maximus

3

S

Sandwich Tern

Thalasseus sandvicensis

COLUMBIDAE

2

P

#Rock Pigeon

Columba livia

1

Fy,P

Pale-vented Pigeon*

Patagioenas cayennensis

2h

F

Short-billed Pigeon*

Patagioenas nigrirostris

6

P

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

5i

P

Plain-breasted Ground-Dove

Columbina minuta

1

P,Fy

Ruddy Ground-Dove*

Columbina talpacoti

2

P,Fy

Blue Ground-Dove*

Claravis pretiosa

2

P,Fy

White-tipped Dove*

Leptotila verreauxi

2

F

Gray-chested Dove*

Leptotila cassini

4

F

Ruddy Quail-Dove*

Geotrygon montana

CUCULIDAE

2

F,P,M

Squirrel Cuckoo*

Piaya cayana

4Ni

F,P

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

4

Fy,P,M

Mangrove Cuckoo*

Coccyzus minor

2h

P

Striped Cuckoo*

Tapera naevia

1

P

Smooth-billed Ani*

Crotophaga ani

6

P

Groove-billed Ani

Crotophaga sulcirostris

TYTONIDAE

5

P,Fy

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

STRIGIDAE

5i

F,P

Tropical Screech Owl

Megascops choliba

4h

F

Crested Owl*

Lophostrix cristata

3h

F

Spectacled Owl*

Pulsatrix perspicillata

5

F,P

Black-and-white Owl*

Ciccaba nigrolineata

5 or 6

P

#Striped Owl

Pseudoscops clamator

CAPRIMULGIDAE

6

Fy

#Short-tailed Nighthawk*

Lurocalis semitorquatus

6

P

Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis

2h

Fy,P

Common Pauraque*

Nyctidromus albicollis

6N

F

Chuck-will's-widow

Astrotomus carolinensis

NYCTIBIIDAE

4to5

F

#Common Potoo

Nyctibius griseus

APODIDAE

4N?

W,P,F

Black Swift

Cypseloides niger

4

F,P

Chestnut-collared Swift

Streptoprocne rutila

1to2

F,P

White-collared Swift*

Streptoprocne zonaris

1

W,P,F

Costa Rican (Band-rumped) Swift*

Chaetura fumosa

4

F,P,W

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift*

Panyptila cayennensis

TROCHILIDAE

2to3

P,W

White-necked Jacobin*

Florisuga mellivora

3

F,W

White-tipped Sicklebill*

Eutoxeres aquila

2to4

F,P

Bronzy Hermit*

Glaucis aeneas

2to3

F,P

Band-tailed Barbthroat*

Threnetes ruckeri

3

F,P

Long-billed (Long-tailed) Hermit*

Phaethornis longirostris

3

F,P

Stripe-throated (Little) Hermit*

Phaethornis striigularis

6

F,W

Green-fronted Lancebill

Doryfera ludoviciae

3

P,F

Purple-crowned Fairy*

Heliothryx barroti

4

P

#Green-breasted Mango*

Anthracothorax prevostii

5i

P

Veraguan (Green-breasted) Mango

Anthracothorax veraguensis

3to5

P,Fy

White-crested Coquette*

Lophornis adorabilis

2to4

P,Fy

Long-billed Starthroat*

Heliomaster longirostris

4Ni

P

Ruby-throated Hummingbird*

Archilochus colubris

5i

P

Garden (Fork-tailed) Emerald

Chlorostilbon assimilis

4

F,W

Violet-headed Hummingbird*

Klais guimeti

3

P,W,M

Scaly-breasted Hummingbird*

Phaeochroa cuvierii

6

F

Violet Sabrewing*

Campylopterus hemileucurus

4

F

Crowned Woodnymph*

Thalurania colombica

1

P,F

Charming (Beryl-crowned) Hummingbird*

Amazilia decora

3

M

Mangrove Hummingbird

Amazilia boucardi

1

P,Fy

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird*

Amazilia tzactl

2to3

F,P

Blue-throated Goldentail*

Hylocharis eliciae

TROGONIDAE

2to3

F,P

Slaty-tailed Trogon*

Trogon massena

2to3

F,P

Baird's Trogon*

Trogon bairdii

2to3

F,P

Gartered (Violaceous) Trogon*

Trogon caligatus

2to3

F

Black-throated Trogon*

Trogon rufus

6

F

Orange-bellied Trogon

Trogon aurantiiventris

MOMOTIDAE

1

F

Blue-crowned Motmot*

Momotus momota

ALCEDINIDAE

3

W

Ringed Kingfisher*

Megaceryle torquata

5Ti

W

Belted Kingfisher*

Megaceryle alcyon

2

W

Amazon Kingfisher*

Chloroceryle amazona

1

W

Green Kingfisher*

Chloroceryle americana

4i

W,M,F

American Pygmy Kingfisher

Chloroceryle aenea

BUCCONIDAE

3to4

Fy,P

White-necked Puffbird*

Notharchus macrorhynchos

4

F

White-whiskered Puffbird

Malacoptila panamensis

GALBULIDAE

3to4

F

Rufous-tailed Jacamar*

Galbula ruficauda

RAMPHASTIDAE

2to3

F,P

Fiery-billed Aracari*

Pteroglossus frantzii

2

F,P

Black-mandibled (Chestnut-mandibled) Toucan*

Ramphastos ambiguus

PICIDAE

4

P,Fy

Olivaceous Piculet*

Picumnus olivaceus

3

F,P

Golden-naped Woodpecker*

Melanerpes chrysauchen

1

P

Red-crowned Woodpecker*

Melanerpes rubricapillus

6N

P,F

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

4

P,Fy

Red-rumped Woodpecker*

Veniliornis kirkii

4i

F

Rufous-winged Woodpecker*

Piculus simplex

3

P,Fy

Lineated Woodpecker*

Dryocopus lineatus

4

F

Pale-billed Woodpecker*

Campephilus guatemalensis

FALCONIDAE

4h

F

Barred Forest-Falcon*

Micrastur ruficollis

4h

F

Collared Forest-Falcon*

Micrastur semitorquatus

5

F

#Red-throated Caracara

Ibycter americanus

3

P

#Crested Caracara

Caracara cheriway

2

P

Yellow-headed Caracara*

Milvago chimachima

3h

P,F

Laughing Falcon*

Herpetotheres cachinnans

5Ni

P

#American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

5Ni

P

Merlin

Falco columbarius

3to4

P,F

Bat Falcon*

Falco rufigularis

5Ni

O

Peregrine Falcon*

Falco peregrinus

PSITTACIDAE

2

P,Fy

Crimson-fronted Parakeet*

Aratinga finschi

2

F,P,M

Scarlet Macaw*

Ara macao

1

Fy,P

Orange-chinned Parakeet*

Brotogeris jugularis

4

F

Brown-hooded Parrot*

Pyrilia haematotis

6

Fy

Blue-headed Parrot

Pionus menstruus

3

F,P

White-crowned Parrot*

Pionus senilis

2

P,Fy

Red-Lored Parrot*

Amazona autumnalis

3

F,P

Mealy Parrot*

Amazona farinosa

THAMNOPHILIDAE

3h

P

Great Antshrike*

Taraba major

5i

P,Fy

Barred Antshrike

Thamnophilus doliatus

2

F

Black-hooded Antshrike*

Thamnophilus bridgesi

4

F

Russet Antshrike

Thamnistes anabatinus

5

F

Plain Antvireo

Dysithamnus mentalis

5

F

Slaty Antwren

Myrmotherula schisticolor

1

F

Dot-winged Antwren*

Microrhopias quixensis

4h

Fy,P

Dusky Antbird*

Cercomacra tyrannina

1

F

Chestnut-backed Antbird*

Myrmeciza exsul

4

F

Bicolored Antbird*

Gymnopithys leucaspis

GRALLARIIDAE

4h

F

#Streak-chested (Spectacled) Antpitta

Hylopezus perspicillatus

FORMICARIIDAE

2

F

Black-faced Antthrush*

Formicarius analis

FURNARIIDAE

4h

F

Scaly-throated Leaftosser

Sclerurus guatemalensis

3i

F

Long-tailed Woodcreeper*

Deconychura longicauda

3

F

Tawny-winged Woodcreeper*

Dendrocincla anabatina

3

F

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper*

Glyphorhynchus spirurus

3

F

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper*

Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

6

F

Strong-billed Woodcreeper

Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

1to2

F

Cocoa (Buff-throated) Woodcreeper*

Xiphorhynchus susurrans

3

F

Black-striped Woodcreeper*

Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus

6

F

#Spotted Woodcreeper

Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

5

F

Brown-billed Scythebill*

Campylorhamphus pusillus

3

P,Fy

#Streak-headed Woodcreeper

Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

2to3

F,P

Plain Xenops*

Xenops minutus

4to5

F,Fy

Striped Woodhaunter (Foliage-Gleaner)*

Hyloctistes subulatus

3

F

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner*

Automolus ochrolaemus

4i

P

Pale-breasted Spinetail

Synallaxis albescens

3

P

Slaty Spinetail

Synallaxis brachyura

TYRANNIDAE

4h

F

Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet*

Ornithion semiflavum

4

P

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet*

Camptostoma obsoletum

2

P

Yellow Tyrannulet*

Capsiempis flaveola

5

P

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet*

Tyrannulus elatus

5i

Fy,P

Greenish Eleania

Myipagis viridicata

2

P

Yellow-bellied Eleania*

Elaenia flavogaster

5

P,Fy

Lesser Eleania

Elaenia chiriquensis

2

F

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher*

Mionectes oleagineus

2

P,Fy

Paltry (Mistletoe) Tyrannulet*

Zimmerius vilissimus

4

Fr

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant*

Lophotriccus pileatus

3

F

Northern Bentbill*

Oncostoma cinereigulare

3h

P

Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher*

Poecilotriccus sylvia

2

P

Common Tody-Flycatcher*

Todirostrum cinereum

3

F

Eye-ringed Flatbill*

Rhynchocyclus brevirostris

3

Fy,P

Yellow-olive Flycatcher*

Tolmomyias sulphurescens

3

F

Golden-crowned Spadebill*

Platyrinchus coronatus

5

F

Royal Flycatcher

Onychorhynchus coronatus

4

F

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher*

Terenotriccus erythrurus

3

F

Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher*

Myiobius sulphureipygius

4

Fy,P

Black-tailed Flycatcher*

Myiobius atricaudus

6

P

Bran-colored Flycatcher

Myiophobus fasciatus

4N

Fy

Olive-sided Flycatcher*

Contopus cooperi

5T?

Fy

Western Wood Pewee

Cantopus sordidulus

5T?

Fy

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

2

P,Fy

Tropical Pewee*

Contopus cinereus

3N

F

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher*

Empidonax flaviventris

6N

F

Least Flycatcher*

Empidonax minimus

2h

F

Bright-rumped Attila*

Attila spadiceus

3

F

Rufous Mourner*

Rhytipterna holerythra

2

F

Dusky-capped Flycatcher*

Myiarchus tuberculifer

4

M

#Panama Flycatcher

Myiarchus panamensis

2N

F,P

Great Crested Flycatcher*

Myiarchus crinitus

1

P,Fy

Great Kiskadee*

Pitangus sulphuratus

1

P,Fy

Boat-billed Flycatcher*

Megarhynchus pitangua

1

P,Fy

Social Flycatcher*

Myiozetetes similis

1

P,Fy

Gray-capped Flycatcher*

Myiozetetes granadensis

3

P,Fy

Streaked Flycatcher

Myiodynastes maculatus

4B

P,Fy

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher*

Myiodynastes luteiventris

2B

P,Fy

Piratic Flycatcher*

Legatus leucophaius

1

P,Fy

Tropical Kingbird*

Tyrannus melancholicus

6Ti

P,Fy

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

5Ti

F

Eastern Kingbird*

Tyrannus tyrannus

4to5Ni

P

#Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus forficatus

5i

P

#Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus savana

TITYRIDAE

5

F

Northren (Thrushlike) Schiffornis (Manakin)*

Schiffornis veraepacis

2

P,F

Masked Tityra*

Tityra semifasciata

3

P,F

Black-crowned Tityra*

Tityra inquisitor

5

Fy,P

Cinnamon Becard*

Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

3

Fy,P

White-winged Becard*

Pachyramphus polychopterus

3

Fy,P

Rose-throated Becard*

Pachyramphus aglaiae

COTINGIDAE

3

P,F

Turquoise Cotinga*

Cotinga ridgwayi

2h

F

Rufous Piha*

Lipaugus unirufus

4NLi

F

Three-wattled Bellbird*

Procnias tricarunculata

3

F,M

#Yellow-billed Cotinga*

Carpodectes antoniae

PIPRIDAE

5L

F

White-ruffed Manakin*

Corapipo altera

3

F

Red-capped Manakin*

Ceratopipra mentalis

2

Fy,P

Orange-collared Manakin*

Manacus aurantiacus

4

F

Blue-crowned Manakin*

Lepidothrix coronata

VIREONIDAE

2N

Fy,P

Yellow-throated Vireo*

Vireo flavifrons

3to4N

Fy,P

Philadelphia Vireo*

Vireo philadelphicus

5T

Fy,P

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

3B

Fy,P

Yellow-green Vireo*

Vireo flavoviridis

2

P

Scrub Greenlet*

Hylophilus flavipes

3

F

Tawny-crowned Greenlet*

Hylophilus ochraceiceps

2

F

Lesser Greenlet*

Hylophilus decurtatus

2h

F

Green Shrike-Vireo*

Vireolanius pulchellus

CORVIDAE

5

P

#Brown Jay

Psilorhinus morio

HIRUNDINIDAE

3

P,W

Gray-breasted Martin*

Progne chalybea

2

W,S,P

#Mangrove Swallow

Tachycineta albilinea

5i

W,P

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

1

W,P

Southern Rough-winged Swallow*

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

3N

P

#Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

TROGLODYTIDAE

3h

F

Scaly-breasted (Whistling) Wren*

Microcerculus marginatus

2

P

House Wren*

Troglodytes aedon

6

F

Rufous-breasted Wren*

Pheugopedius rutilus

3h

P,Fy

Black-bellied Wren*

Pheugopedius fasciatoventris

3

P

Plain Wren*

Cantorchilus modestus

1

F

Riverside Wren*

Cantorchilus semibadius

POLIOPTILIDAE

4

F

Long-billed Gnatwren*

Ramphocaenus melanurus

3

Fy

Tropical Gnatcatcher*

Polioptila plumbea

TURDIDAE

6T

F

Gray-cheeked Thrush

Catharus minimus

3T

F

Swainson's Thrush*

Catharus ustulatus

4i

F

Wood Thrush*

Hylocichla mustelina

1

P,Fy

Clay-colored Thrush *

Turdus grayi

4Li

F

White-throated Thrush*

Turdus assimilis

MIMIDAE

6Ni

P,Fy

Gray Catbird

Dumetella carolinensis

BOMBYCILLIDAE

4Ni

Fy

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

PARULIDAE

6N

Fy

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

6N

?

Worm-eating Warbler

Helmitheros vermivorum

5N

W

Louisiana Waterthrush*

Parkesia motacilla

3N

W,Fy,M

Northern Waterthrush*

Parkesia noveboracensis

5N

Fy

Golden-winged Warbler*

Vermivora chrysoptera

4N

F,P

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia

4N

M,Fy

Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

1N

F,P

Tennessee Warbler*

Vermivora peregrina

4

P

#Gray-crowned Yellowthroat

Geothlypis poliocephala

2to3N

P

Mourning Warbler*

Geothlypis philadelphia

4Ni

Fy

Kentucky Warbler*

Geothlypis formosus

5Ni

P

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

6N

Fy

Hooded Warbler

Setophaga citrina

4to5N

F

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

5i

F

Tropical Parula*

Setophaga pitiayumi

5Ti

Fy,P

Bay-breasted Warbler

Setophaga Castanea

6Ti

Fy

Blackburnian Warbler

Setophaga fusca

2to3N

P,Fy,M

Yellow Warbler*

Setophaga petechia

4

M

"Mangrove" Yellow Warbler, resident sub-species

Setophaga petechia (erithachorides)

1N

F,P

Chestnut-sided Warbler*

Setophaga pensylvanica

6Ni

Fy,P

Blackpoll Warbler

Setophaga striata

6Ti

P

Palm Warbler

Setophaga palmarum

3

W,F

Buff-rumped Warbler*

Myiothlypis fulvicauda

6

Fy,P

Canada Warbler

Cardellina canadensis

6i

Fy, P

Wilson's Warbler

Cardellina pusilla

INCERTAE SEDIS

1

Fy,P

Bananaquit*

Coereba flaveola

THRAUPIDAE

3

F

Gray-headed Tanager*

Eucometis penicillata

4

Fr

White-throated Shrike-Tanager*

Lanio leucothorax

2

F

White-shouldered Tanager*

Tachyphonus luctuosus

4L

Fy,P

White-lined Tanager*

Tachyphonus rufus

1

P,Fy

Cherrie's (Scarlet-rumped) Tanager*

Ramphocelus costaricensis

1

P,Fy

Blue-gray Tanager*

Thraupis episcopus

1

P,Fy

Palm Tanager*

Thraupis palmarum

1

Fy,P

Golden-hooded Tanager*

Tangara larvata

5Li

F

Speckled Tanager*

Tangara guttata

3

Fy,P

Bay-headed Tanager*

Tangara gyrola

4

F

Silver-throated Tanager*

Tangara icterocephala

5L

Fy

Scarlet-thighed Dacnis*

Dacnis venusta

2to4

Fy,P

Blue Dacnis*

Dacnis cayana

3

Fy,P

Green Honeycreeper*

Chlorophanes spiza

2to4

Fy,P

Shining Honeycreeper*

Cyanerpes lucidus

2to4

Fy,P

Red-legged Honeycreeper*

Cyanerpes cyaneus

INCERTAE SEDIS (Saltators)

4i

P,Fy

Streaked Saltator

Saltator striatipectus

2

P,Fy

Buff-throated Saltator*

Saltator maximus

EMBERIZIDAE

2

P

Blue-black Grassquit*

Volatinia jacarina

5

P

#Slate-collared Seedeater

Sporophila schistacea

1

P

Variable Seedeater*

Sporophila americana

3to5

P

#White-collared Seedeater

Sporophila torqueola

4i

P

#Yellow-bellied Seedeater

Sporophila nigricollis

4i

P

#Ruddy-breasted Seedeater

Sporophila minuta

4

P

Thick-billed Seed-Finch*

Oryzoborus funereus

1to2

F

Orange-billed Sparrow*

Arremon aurantiirostris

1

P

Black-striped Sparrow*

Arremonops conirostris

6

Fy,P

Costa Rican Brush-finch

Arremon costaricensis

CARDINALIDAE

6

F

Hepatic Tanager

Piranga flava

2to3N

Fy

Summer Tanager*

Piranga rubra

4T

Fy

Scarlet Tanager*

Piranga olivacea

5Ti

Fy

Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana

2

F

Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager*

Habia atrimaxillaris

6

Fy

Black-thighed Grosbeak

Pheucticus tibialis

4to5N

Fy

Rose-breasted Grosbeak*

Pheucticus ludovicianus

3h

F,W

Blue-black Grosbeak*

Cyanocompsa cyanoides

5Ti

P,Fy

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea

5Ti

P,Fy

Painted Bunting

Passerina ciris

ICTERIDAE

2

P

#Red-breasted Blackbird

Sturnella militaris

5

P

#Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnella magna

6

P

#Melodious Blackbird*

Dives dives

2

P

Great-tailed Grackle*

Quiscalus mexicanus

3to4

P

Bronzed Cowbird*

Molothrus aeneus

6

P

Giant Cowbird

Molothrus oryzivorus

5i

Fy

Black-cowled Oriole*

Icterus prosthemelas

4Ni

Fy,P

Orchard Oriole

Icterus spurius

2N

Fy,P

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

3to4

Fy,P

Yellow-billed Cacique*

Amblycercus holosericeus

3to4

F,P

Scarlet-rumped Cacique*

Cacicus uropygialis

6

P,O

Crested Oropendola*

Psarocolius decumanus

EUPHONIINAE

2to3

Fy,P

Yellow-crowned Euphonia*

Euphonia luteicapilla

3to4

Fy,P

Thick-billed Euphonia*

Euphonia laniirostris

4Li

Fy,P

Elegant (Blue-hooded) Euphonia

Euphonia elegantissima

2to3

F,P

Spot-crowned Euphonia*

Euphonia imitans

4to5

Fy,P

White-vented Euphonia*

Euphonia minuta

PASSERIDAE

2

P

#House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

 

Notes

Jabiru and Groove-billed Ani refer to historical records.

Pelagic Species

Audubon's Shearwater
Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel
Black Storm-Petrel
Sabine's Gull
Bridled Tern
Black Tern
Brown Noddy

 

Hypothetical Species

Black-vented Shearwater (Experienced pelagic birder was fairly certain of ID, never listed in CR)

Red-billed Pigeon (an old ID, possibly mistaken)

Gray-fronted Dove (Should be here and there have been some possible sightings but not positive)

Keel-billed Toucan (Twice reported by inexperienced guests in very dry years, once with the Chestnut-mandibled)

Black-headed Trogan (old ID, not seen again, possibly mistaken)

Plain-brown Woodcreeper (an early sighting of ours, could be mistaken)

Bare-crowned Antbird (the same as above)

Rufous-breasted Antthrush (seen various times, once very well and long with two people but really unlikely to be here. Possibly a dirty Black-faced Antthrush?)

Brown-crested Flycatcher ( an experienced guide's sighting but easily confused and never seen again)

Yellow-throated Euphonia (Id'ed by several guides but we have never seen an adult male in full plumage. We believe these id's are first year breeding males that have not developed a full male plumage yet, this sub-adult plumage is common in several species of first year breeding Euphonias)

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